## MeritTrac Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers For Freshers

Number of Questions: 14 Questions
Time Duration: 14 Mins

Analytical Reasoning 2-3 Questions
Coding and Decoding 1-4 Questions
Logical Deduction 2-5 Questions
Logical Problems 2-4 Questions
Analyzing Arguments 1-3 Questions
Decision Making 2-5 Questions
Number Series 1-2 Questions
Logical Sequence of words 3-4 Questions
Assertion and Reason 2-3 Questions
Critical Reasoning 1-3 Questions

## MeritTrac Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers

1. From a group of five friends, A is taller than B but not as tall as C, who is shorter than D. E is shorter than D but not shorter B. Who is the shortest among them?

A. D
B. E
C. B
D. A

Explanation:
Given that A is taller than B but not as tall as C, who is shorter than D.
D > C > A > B
E is shorter than D but not shorter B.
D > E > B
Therefore, B is the shortest friend.

2. In a group of 6 students P, Q, R, S, T and U each one having different height. P is taller than T but not as tall as U. Q and U are not the tallest and also R is the shortest. Who is the tallest among them?

A. P
B. S
C. Q
D. U

Explanation:
According to the given data
S > (Q,U) > P > T > R
Therefore, S is the tallest student.

3. If Devraj finds that it is seventeenth from the right and eighteenth from the left in a line facing north. How many persons should be added to the line such that there are 40 people in the line?

A. 5
B. 6
C. 8
D. 9

Explanation:
Let us assume the number of persons to add = x.
By Analyzing the given information
The order follows
17 + Devraj + 16 + x = 40
Hence, x = 6.

4. In a row of people, X is 12th from the left end and Y is 8th from the right end. When they exchange their position, X becomes 22th from the left end, What will be the Y’s position from the right end?

A. 16
B. 17
C. 18
D. 19

Explanation:
Number of people between both the position of X = 22-12-1 = 9
Y = 8+9+1 = 18
Therefore, the position of Y from the Right end is 18.

5. In a class of 42 children, Ajay rank is 7th from the top. Raghava is 4 ranks below Ajay, What is Raghava rank from the bottom?

A. 35
B. 25
C. 23
D. 32

Explanation:
R rank from the top = 7+4 = 11th
R rank from bottom = 42 – 11+1 = 32.

6. If in a certain language, MADRAS is coded as NBESBT, how is BOMBAY coded in that code?

A. CPNCBX
B. CPNCBZ
C. CPOCBZ
D. CQOCBZ

Explanation:
Simple logic, Each letter in the word is moved one step forward to obtain the corresponding letter of the code.

7. If in a code language, COULD is written as BNTKC and MARGIN are written as LZQFHM, how will MOULDING be written in that code?

A. CHMFINTK
B. LNKTCHMF
C. LNTKCHMF
D. NITKHCMF

Explanation:
If we observe, Each letter in the word is moved one step backward to obtain the corresponding letter of the code.

8. Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

A. Victory
B. Succeed
C. Win
D. Compete

Explanation:
Remaining words give the same meaning.

9. Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

A. BCDF
B. WXYZ
C. RSTU
D. KJNL

Explanation:
Remaining are all contain only consonants.

10. Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

A. Mica
B. Iron
C. Chlorine
D. Aluminum

Explanation:
Mica is not an element.

11. Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

A. FTP
B. HTML
C. HTTP
D. TCP

Explanation:
HTML – language, rest of them are protocols.

12. Belgium: Brussels:: Belarus:?

A. Minsk
B. Havana
C. Nicosia
D. Banjul

Explanation:
Brussels is the capital of Belgium
Similarly, Minsk is the capital of Belarus.

13. Botany: Plants:: Cardiology:?

A. Lungs ‘
B. Kidney
C. Heart
D. Liver

Explanation:
Botany is the study of plants
In the same way, Cardiology is the study of the heart.

14. Carbon dioxide: Extinguish:: Oxygen:?

A. Isolate
B. Foam
C. Explode
D. Burn